The ketogenic (keto) diet, one of the latest health-trends, has many differing expert viewpoints.
Now, a new study from India finds that a ketogenic diet improves symptoms in Type 2 diabetes. patients.
The study, led by Dr. Lakshmi Prasanna Angati, from CARE Hospitals in Visakhapatnam, India recruited 115 Indian Type 2 diabetes patients to follow the keto diet for 3 months.
The goal of the study was to study the impact of keto diet on patients with Type 2 diabetes.
Participants with Type 2 diabetes were asked to restrict their carbohydrate intake to 20 grams or less daily, increase fat, and maintain a modest — but not high protein intake to induce a state referred to as “nutritional ketosis.”
At the start of the study, participants’ mean blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels—both of which reflect blood sugar levels—were 169 mg/dL and 7.8%, respectively.
By the end of the study, mean blood glucose and HbA1c levels had dropped for 110 of the participants, going down to 137 mg/dL and 6.43%, respectively.
“[The ketogenic] diet over three months led to a remarkable reduction in HbA1c levels and to great improvements in symptoms associated with Type 2 diabetes,” commented Angati. “This is an especially important finding for diabetes patients in India because with the Indian diet people eat carbohydrates morning, noon, and night, and we want to encourage and counsel people to change these dietary habits.”
The keto diet was originally developed nearly 100 years ago to treat drug-resistant epilepsy.
The extremely low carbohydrate diet has risen in popularity due to its reputation for speeding up weight loss.
However, experts caution that very little evidence indicates that the keto diet is effective over the long term for anything except managing epilepsy—but some research does suggest that this diet could help with other medical conditions such as diabetes.