Diabetes, for far too long, has been characterized as a condition that shortens the life expectancy. Earlier, it was a condition that was diagnosed in people in their late forties or fifties. According to a study in 2010, diabetes cuts off an average 8.5 years from the lifespan of a 50-year-old man with diabetes as compared to the one without diabetes.
Over the years, easy availability of processed foods, sedentary lifestyle and stress, diabetes is affecting millions of young adults today.
What Causes A Shorter Lifespan For Diabetes Patients?
High blood sugar damages the blood vessels, nerves causing poor circulation and functioning of important organs like the heart, kidney, and eyes leading to complications such as heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney disease if diabetes is left uncontrolled. It is accompanied by high blood pressure and cholesterol that further damages the organ systems. Short-term complications like hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis can also be fatal.
The Lifespan Of Individuals Living With Type 1 Diabetes:
People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin that causes the building of excess glucose in the blood. People who have been diagnosed with this condition have to be given insulin supplements to maintain the glucose levels.
People with this condition are diagnosed in their youth, hence these people have to live with this condition for a relatively long period of time than people with type 2 diabetes.
According to the reports of Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA); men with type 1 diabetes have a shortened lifespan of 11 years than normal men. Women with the condition have their lives cut short by 13 years.
The impact on the heart health appears to be one of the leading causes for this. However, it has also been found that adults with type 1 diabetes younger than 50 years of age have been dying from the conditions caused by the issues in the management of the disease – diabetic coma caused by extremely low blood sugar levels and/or ketoacidosis caused by lack of insulin in the body.
Type 1 diabetes is extremely cumbersome to manage with the concern to get the right amount of insulin be delivered at the right time of the day keeping in mind the diet that one is consuming.