Go to Top

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes: The differences between types 1 and 2

Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus (DM), is a metabolic disorder in which the body cannot properly store and use sugar.It affects the body ‘s ability to use glucose, a type of sugar found in the blood, as fuel. This happens because the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not correctly respond to insulin to use glucose as energy.

Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate how blood sugar becomes energy. An imbalance of insulin or resistance to insulin causes diabetes.

Diabetes is linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, vision loss, neurological conditions, and damage to blood vessels and organs.

There is type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. They have different causes and risk factors, and different lines of treatment.

This article will compare the similarities and differences of types 1 and 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth.

However, having gestational diabetes also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes after pregnancy, so patients are often screened for type 2 diabetes at a later date.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 29.1 million people in the United States (U.S.) have diabetes.
Fast facts on diabetes

 Type 1 diabetes is often hereditary and unpreventable.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1. For every person with type 1 diabetes, 20 will have type 2.
Type 2 can be hereditary, but excess weight, a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet increase
At least a third of people in the U.S. will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime.
Both types can lead to heart attack, stroke, nerve damage, kidney damage, and possible amputation of limbs.


People with type 1 diabetes will require supplemental insulin on an ongoing basis. People with type 2 will likely only need this for the later stages of the condition.
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells.

These cells are destroyed, reducing the body’ s ability to produce sufficient insulin and regulate blood glucose levels.


Read More

Type 3 Diabetes

At first blush, it may be hard to imagine a connection between type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. But it’s real—and it’s so strong that some experts are now referring to

Read More

Oral Diabetes Medications


A list of oral diabetes medications with advantages, disadvantages, and side effects. Click on the name of a drug for more information.

Glucophage XR


Read More

Facts About Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up

Read More

Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed?

Type 2 diabetes—previously referred to as adult-onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes—accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases in the United States.

It’s characterized by the body’s inability to use insulin effectively. Insulin is

Read More

Type 2 diabetes report strikes back at attempts to protect sugary lifestyles

Leading health experts have released an eight-point plan to help combat rising rates of metabolic conditions such as type 2 diabetes.

Three of the world ‘s top cardiologists have come together and released a report in a bid to create a healthier culture.

Led by NHS consultant cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra, they have compared the impact that sugar has on our health to how tobacco and smoking affected people more than 50 years ago.

The collaboration included Professor Robert Lustig of the University of California San Francisco and Professor Grant Schofield of Auckland University of Technology.

The report states: “We should not wait decades to solve our current problems with sugar. Big tobacco sowed doubt that cigarettes were harmful, confused the public, persistently denied their effects, bought the loyalty of scientists and gave ammunition to political allies.

“Now, the science demonstrating sugar’ s role in diet-related disease is incontrovertible, but science

Read More

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

People with type 2 diabetes frequently experience certain symptoms. These include:

being very thirsty
frequent urination
blurry vision
tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
frequent skin, bladder or gum infections

Read More

Show Buttons
Hide Buttons